Consider a situation where two processes make concurrent attempts at placing an exclusive lock on some file using
As indicated, the attempts are non-blocking, so one of the two processes is supposed to fail with
Here is my question: Does the (Linux) implementation of
flock() guarantee that exactly one of the two processes will succeed in every such case? Or, is it possible that both end up failing with
EWOULDBLOCK even when nobody else are interfering?
In short, can
flock(fd, LOCK_EX|LOCK_NB) ever fail spuriously with
I am mainly interested in the version of
flock() offered by Linux, but information about
flock() on other systems, such as OS X, is most welcome.
Also, I assume that the answer is the same regardless of whether the locks are exclusive (
LOCK_EX) or shared (
LOCK_SH). If not, let me know.
Reading man flock(2):
EWOULDBLOCK The file is locked and the LOCK_NB flag was selected.
So getting EWOULDBLOCK means the file is already locked. If it is guaranteed that your two processes are the only ones involved, they will never get EWOULDBLOCK on the same file at the same time.
Please note that threads is a different story. Threads normally share file descriptors, so several threads within the same process can call flock() successfully on the same file.